Gleams Of Color

Exploring God's beautiful world through the Camera Lens

Photography Tips

Photography is a hobby that is easy to start, and easy to get fairly good at, but challenging to perfect.

When taking photos many people don’t bother to compose their photo or don’t know how to. They just point the camera at something they think is interesting and take a snapshot. But there are many ways that you can make your photos better. A good photographer is doing much more! Below are some of the things to keep in mind as you perfect your skills.


It is a lot of work to crop photos in Photoshop. Well maybe not too much work but why go to the bother of finding a computer, opening a photo in Photoshop, carefully dragging your crop box to the size you want, saving the image, and dealing with multiple versions of the image forever. Instead you can accomplish most desired crops by changing your camera angle slightly or taking a few steps in one direction or another while shooting. Besides you get more exercise that way. Admittedly, there are occasional times when it is quite hard to get your camera close enough to the subject to take the photo you want uncropped. But this is the exception.

Some things to consider include:

Macro Photos:

If you like taking pictures of small things then experiment with macro photography. Some things to consider when the camera gets close to the subject are:

Know your camera

Some of the things you should know how to adjust on your camera include:

You can use the focus to determine what part of the image you want your viewer to look at. They will look where the detail is sharpest.

Your aperture controls the size of the opening that lets the light in. This changes your overall light and your depth of field, blurring or sharpening your backgrounds and foregrounds.

Your shutter speed controls how long the lens is open. This also controls the amount of light in the photo. If you try to take hand-held photos slower than about 1/60 of a second you can get a blur from camera shake.

Your ISO controls how quickly the sensor records light. This also controls the light in the photo. If your ISO is too large you will get a grainy look to your photos.

The light equation is Light=ISO*shutter speed/aperture*aperture. For any given lighting situation you can set light constant and use this equation to vary your other factors. After awhile the way this equation works will become second nature even if you don’t really understand the math behind it.

Camera Types and Equipment:

The two main types of cameras are point and shoot cameras, and Single Lens Reflex (SLR) cameras.

Point and shoot cameras comprise the lower end of the camera market while professionals and serious hobbyists buy the more expensive SLRs

When buying a camera consider several things.

Other tools that you might need include:

Shot in RAW with Nikon D3200 at 1/13 sec, F5.6, ISO 100


Sunlight streaming through redwoods


Water against rocks

Increased contrast and sharpened image


HDR of Colorado Valley

The rules I have listed are not ironclad. Think of them more like suggestions. Try breaking them for special effects. Be creative and do things that other photographers aren’t doing. Just don’t break the rules too much. The reason they are rules is because they often result in great photos.

Most importantly: Have fun! 🙂